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Courtyard Effect.

 Courtyard Effect.

One of the most important current discussions in the built environment, the construction process, theory, and processes is the "Passive Design". It is very difficult to ignore the technical aspects of the design of buildings. Recent studies have emphasized the need for architectural design techniques and the use of the yard as a design strategy for cooling buildings. Also, that the yard is very suitable for almost all construction typologies in all climates due to its cooling tendency. Its cooling power can only be achieved if the design requirements are ignored. The yard has social, cultural, religious and environmental benefits. Despite its many advantages, research efforts to determine the requirements for yard construction are extremely limited. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the design of the central courtyard as a non-invasive cooling system to improve indoor comfort in the University of Technology Technology (UTM) Buildings. The need for yard construction such as yard renovation, standing, and natural materials in UTM yard buildings was investigated. In addition to the design variations, the use of the yard in these buildings was also tested. The methodology of this study involves the development of a checklist based on field research literature. Forty-six (46) premises were inspected at 32 (UT) buildings at UTM, using a mathematical method to interpret and analyze data. The results of this numerous studies indicate that UTM's central courtyard structures were built based on careful observation of design and refinement to improve their cooling capacity, however, only two yards had water pools. The study concluded that the yards at UTM buildings are professionally designed but future experimental studies to measure their thermal performance are needed, and future simulation studies may predict a better design need for efficiency. Therefore, other simulation studies are recommended.